Tel Aviv was founded on April 20, 1909. Jaffa is over 3,000 years old. In 1950, the two cities were united under one municipal entity, Tel-Aviv-Yafo.
I. Statistical Data
The Tel Aviv Metropolitan area has a radius of 60 km and includes 3.9 million people amounting to 44% of the Israeli population (2018)
Municipality Jurisdiction: 52 km2 (Jerusalem 125 km2, Haifa 65 km2) - density (persons per km2) is 8,600 in Tel-Aviv-Yafo (2018).
Climate: on average 328 clear sunny days with 484 mm rainfall per year.
Household and Population:
Tel-Aviv-Yafo population In Dec. 2018: 451,520 residents - 407,200 Jews and 44,320 non-Jews.
Households (2018): 199.7 thousand households in Tel-Aviv-Yafo, with an average of 2.2 persons per household. 58% of households are Family households
25% of households include children aged up to 17
25% of households include persons aged 65 and over
85% of the households are connected to the Internet (2017)
Marital Status (2017): 45% of the men and 38% of the women are single
Labor and Employment (2018): total employees 424,800 (11% of all employees in Israel) 39% of the employees are city residents and additional 53% live in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area (8% of the employees live outside the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area).
Employment by economic branch (2018): 16% in professional, scientific and technical activities,
12% in information and communication, 9% in wholesale and retail trade, repair
of motor vehicles and 8% in financial and insurance activities.
74% of the Tel-Aviv-Yafo residents aged 15 years and above participate in the workforce.
Tourism (2018): 78 Tourist hotels with nearly 8,500 hotel rooms, over 1.5 million gues and over 3.6 million overnight stays.
Transport (2018): there are 287,320 registered vehicles in the city ( this is according to the owner's registered address so many of those vehicles are registered to the state of Israel and various other entities as firms and organizations). Tel Aviv-Yafo has 137 km of bicycle trails. The total number of travels from and to Tel-Aviv-Yafo railway stations in 2018 was about 41.6 millions.
Monthly Income per Household in Tel-Aviv-Yafo (Whose head is an Employee) in 2017: 24,410 NIS (Gross Income), 9% higher than the average income in Israel which is 22,461 NIS
Housing (2017): 47% are home owners, compared to 67% home owners in Israel
Education (2018/19): 26,000 students at Tel Aviv University, 12,500 students at academic colleges
Museums (2018): The number of attendances was about 2.1 million.
Music (2018): 3 of the biggest music institutions in Israel are in Tel Aviv-Yafo. In 2018, the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra , The New Israeli Opera and the Israel Chamber Orchestra held concerts for 464,500 listeners
Theatre (2018): 5 of the biggest theaters in Israel are in Tel Aviv-Yafo. Total annual attendances in 2018 were about 1.7 million.
Libraries (2018): 22 libraries with approximately one million books.
Social Services (2016): 38,280 residents receive assistance from the social services (9% of the city's residents).
2018 City Budget: 6.8 billion NIS (approximately 1.8 billion Euros), which is the total budget (ordinary and extraordinary budget). 2018 ended with an 9 million NIS surplus. 69% of all city property tax is paid by businesses (not residents).In the course of 1998 to 2018, there was a rise of 110% in the city's income and 96% in the city's expenditure (whithin the ordinary budget).
Elections and City Council: In 2018, the last election campaign for the Mayoralty and the City Council of Tel-Aviv-Yafo Municipality, 46% of the total citizens eligible to vote did so. The City Council has 31 members.
Municipality Employees (2018): 9751 municipal employees
II. Description of the statistical data
Tel Aviv-Yafo's municipal jurisdiction covers an area of 52 square km. The latest data from 2018 shows that about 23% of its total area, approximately 12 square km, is an "green" area (parks, groves, and gardens).
Demographics, Population and Households
In 2018, the population of Tel Aviv-Yafo totaled 451,520; this figure did not include the tens of thousands of foreign people lacking of civil status (legal and non-legal migratory workers, asylum and refugee seekers) who live in the city.
The city population is growing increasingly for the last three decades with an average population growth of 1.1% per year, since the last population census from 2008.
The number of households in Tel Aviv-Yafo in 2018 was 199.7 thousand households, with an average of 2.2 persons per household, compared to the national average of 3.3 persons per household. Average household population in the city has been declining since the beginning of the '60s.
An estimated 62,900 of Tel Aviv-Yafo's residents in December 2017 (some 14% of the total) were new immigrants who had arrived since 1990; most of them live in the city's southern neighborhoods. On average, the new immigrants are slightly older than the general population of the city.
Age Structure and Family Status
According to the latest data of 2018, the average age of residents is relatively advanced, with a low proportion of children (19% between the ages of 0-14, compared with a national average of 28%) and a higher proportion of senior citizens aged up to 65 years (15% as compared with the national average of 11%). However, Tel Aviv-Yafo has a prominent number of youths aged 20-34 (25%) that contribute to the city's urban vibe, economy, culture and services (in Israel the same group is 21% of the population).
The proportion of single-parent families in Tel Aviv-Yafo is high – according to social security data, 24% of all families with children in December 2018, as compared with a national average of only 13%. In fact, since the beginning of the '90s, the number of single-parent families in the city has more than doubled.
In comparison with other Israeli cities, Tel Aviv-Yafo is home to a large population of unmarried men and women: 45% of the men and 38% of the women in 2017, as compared with a national average of 35% and 28% respectively.
Tel Aviv-Yafo as an Employment Center
The number of employed persons in Tel Aviv-Yafo reached 425,000 in 2018. The city is a national employment center - 11% of all those employed in Israel in 2018 worked in Tel Aviv-Yafo, as compared with the other two big cities - 9% (348,800) in Jerusalem, and 5% (178,600) in Haifa.
Relatively, a high concentration of employed persons in Tel Aviv-Yafo are employed in 2018 in the following economic branches: professional, scientific and technical activities (16%), information and communication (12%), wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles (9%) and financial and insurance activities (8%).
As compared with Jerusalem, Haifa and Israel, employment data clearly highlights the status of the city as a national financial-economic center, with focus on professional and communication activities: of all employed nationally in 2018, the following were employed in Tel Aviv-Yafo: 28% in financial and insurance activities, 25% in information and communication and 23 in professional, scientific and technical activities.
In 2018, 39% of those employed in Tel Aviv-Yafo were city residents, 53% lived elsewhere in the greater metropolitan area and 8% commuted from beyond the metropolitan area of Tel Aviv. The two most dominant economic branches that city residents worked in in 2018 were: professional, scientific and technical activities (16% of those employed) and information and communication (11% of those employed). The proportion of city residents employed as blue-collar workers is relatively low.
* Statistics Provided by the Center for Economic and Social Research of Tel-Aviv-Yafo Municipality