Tel Aviv was founded on April 20, 1909. Jaffa is over 3,000 years old. In 1950, the two cities were united under one municipal entity, Tel-Aviv-Yafo.
I. Statistical Data
The Tel Aviv Metropolitan area has a radius of 60 km and includes 3.9 million people amounting to 45% of the Israeli population (2016)
Municipality Jurisdiction: 52 km2 (Jerusalem 125 km2, Haifa 65 km2) - density (persons per km2) is 8,400 in Tel-Aviv-Yafo (2016).
Climate: on average 320 clear sunny days with 583 mm rainfall per year.
Household and Population:
Tel-Aviv-Yafo population In Dec. 2016: 438,820 residents - 397,700 Jews and 41,120 non-Jews.
Households (2016): 194.4 thousand households in Tel-Aviv-Yafo, with an average of 2.2 persons per household. 56% of households are Family households
24% of households include children aged up to 17
25% of households include persons aged 65 and over
86% of the households are connected to the Internet (2015)
Marital Status (2015): 44% of the men and 37% of the women are single
Labor and Employment (2016): total employees 420,000 (11% of all employees in Israel) 39% of the employees are city residents and additional 54% live in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area
Employment by economic branch (2016): 15% in Professional, Scientific and Technical activities, 10% in Information and Communication, 9% in Financial and Insurance activities and 9% in Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles.
74% of the Tel-Aviv-Yafo residents aged 15 years and above participate in the workforce.
Tourism (2016): 68 Tourist hotels with nearly 8,000 hotel rooms, over 1.2 million guests and over 3 million overnight stays.
Transport (2015): there are 278,140 registered vehicles in the city ( this is according to the owner's registered address so many of those vehicles are registered to the state of Israel and various other entities as firms and organizations). T.A-Yafo has 130 km of bicycle trails. The total number of travels from and to Tel-Aviv-Yafo railway stations in 2016 was about 40.6 millions.
Monthly Income per Household in Tel-Aviv-Yafo (Whose head is an Employee) in 2015: 25,396 NIS (Gross Income), 20% higher than the average income in Israel which is 21,170 NIS
Housing (2015): 48% are home owners, compared to 68% home owners in Israel
Education (2015): 26,727 students at Tel Aviv University, 11,493 students at academic colleges
Museums (2016): The number of attendances was about 1,467,300
Music (2016): 3 of the biggest music institutions in Israel are in Tel Aviv-Yafo. In 2016, the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra held 115 concerts for 215,610 listeners. The New Israeli Opera and the Israel Chamber Orchestra held 302 concerts for 168,872 listeners
Theatre (2016): 5 of the biggest theaters in Israel are in Tel Aviv-Yafo. Total annual attendances in 2016 were about 1.7 million.
Libraries (2016): 22 libraries with approximately one million books.
Social Services (2016): 38,678 residents receive assistance from the social services (9% of the city's residents)
2016 City Budget: 5.51 billion NIS (approximately 1.3 billion Euros). 2015 ended with an 8 million NIS surplus. 71% of all city property tax is paid by businesses (not residents).In the course of 1998 to 2015, there was a rise of 102% in the city's income and 93% in the city's expenditure.
Elections and City Council: In 2013, the last election campaign for the Mayoralty and the City Council of Tel-Aviv-Yafo Municipality, 35% of the total citizens eligible to vote did so. The City Council has 31 members.
Municipality Employees (2016): 9,050 municipal employees
II. Description of the statistical data
Tel Aviv-Yafo's municipal jurisdiction covers an area of 52 square km. The latest data from 2015 shows that about 22% of its total area, approximately 11 square km, is an "green" area (parks, groves, and gardens).
Demographics, Population and Households
In 2016, the population of Tel Aviv-Yafo totaled 438,820; this figure did not include the tens of thousands of foreign people lacking of civil status (legal and non-legal migratory workers, asylum and refugee seekers) who live in the city.
The city population is in an increasing growth for the last three decades with an average population growth of 1.1% per year, since the last population census from 2008.
The number of households in Tel Aviv-Yafo in 2016 was 194.4 thousand households, with an average of 2.2 persons per household, compared to the national average of 3.3 persons per household. Average household population in the city has been declining since the beginning of the 60's.
An estimated 59,900 of Tel Aviv-Yafo's residents in December 2015 (some 13.8% of the total) were new immigrants who had arrived since 1990; most of them live in the city's southern neighborhoods. On average, the new immigrants are slightly older than the general population of the city.
Age Structure and Family Status
According to the latest data of 2015, the average age of residents is relatively advanced, with a low proportion of children (18% between the ages of 0-14, compared with a national average of 28%) and a higher proportion of senior citizens (15% as compared with a national average of 11%). However, Tel Aviv-Yafo has a prominent number of youths aged 20-34 (26%) that contribute to the city's urban vibe, economy, culture and services (in Israel the same group is 21% of the population).
The proportion of single-parent families in Tel Aviv-Yafo is high – according to Social Security data, 21% of all families with children in December 2015, as compared with a national average of only 13%. In fact, since the beginning of the 90's, the number of single parent families in the city has more than doubled.
In comparison with other Israeli cities, Tel Aviv-Yafo is home to a large population of unmarried men and women: 44% of the men and 37% of the women in 2015, as compared with a national average of 35% and 28% respectively.
Tel Aviv-Yafo as an Employment Center
The number of employed persons in Tel Aviv-Yafo reached 420,000 in 2016. The city is a national employment center - 11% of all those employed in Israel in 2016 worked in Tel Aviv-Yafo, as compared with the other two big cities - 9% (329,100) in Jerusalem, and 5% (176,500) in Haifa.
Relatively high concentrations of workers in Tel Aviv-Yafo are employed in 2016 in the following economic branches: Professional, Scientific and Technical activities (15%), Information and Communication (10%), Financial and Insurance activities (9%) and Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles (9%).
As compared with Jerusalem, Haifa and Israel in general, employment in Tel Aviv-Yafo focuses to a larger degree on the financial-economic and Professional-Scientific and Information-Communication sectors. In fact, employment data clearly highlights the status of the city as a national financial-economic center: 32% of all employed nationally in Financial and Insurance Activities work in Tel Aviv-Yafo.
In 2016 38% of those employed in Tel Aviv-Yafo were city residents, 54% lived elsewhere in the greater metropolitan area and 7% commuted from beyond the metropolitan area of Tel Aviv. The city residents worked mainly in professional, scientific and technical activities (14% of those employed) and information and communication (10% of those employed). The proportion of city residents employed as blue-collar workers is relatively low.
* Statistics Provided by the Center for Economic and Social Research of Tel-Aviv-Yafo Municipality